Vol. 8, 2023

Pharmaceutical Sciences


Milica Stanojević, Jasmina Jovanović Mirković, Nataša Rančić, Christos Alexopoulos, Violeta Ilić Todorović, Svetlana Čapaković

Pages: 45-49

DOI: 10.37392/RapProc.2023.10

Introduction. Human papillomaviruses (Human Papillomavirus-HPV) are DNA viruses, belonging to the family Papillomaviridae, genus Papillomavirus. It is estimated that at least 80%-100% of people between the ages of 18-25 come into contact with this virus during sexual contact, while only about 30% of people develop symptoms of infection. Chronic HPV infection increases the risk of cervical cancer by 65 times, and in the case of oncogenic “high-risk” types by 130 times (HPV 16, HPV 18, HPV 31, HPV 35), namely cancer of the cervix, vulva and vagina in women, genital organs in men, as well as throat and anus cancer in both sexes. CIN within the framework of HPV infection and pathogenesis can be viewed as a productive infection (replicative) that is most often transient and spontaneously regresses (viral phase) and transformational with the development of dysplasia in a smaller number of HPV-infection-related lesions (neoplastic phase). As a preventive measure, there are vaccines against HPV (Gardasil, Gardasil 9 and Cervarix), which are not mandatory according to the vaccination calendar and contribute to preventing the development of HPV infection, and are particularly effective in the fight against HPV types 16 and 18, which in most cases cause cervical cancer. The aim of this work is to compare the obtained data on the optional Gardasil 9 vaccination carried out on the territory of Pomoravlje and Pcinja districts in Serbia in the year 2022. Methodology of the research work. A descriptive study was applied in this research paper. A special database was created for data entry in the time interval in year 2022. The data were calculated in the SPSS Statistics 20 software package. The data were presented graphically. Results and discussion. Based on statistically processed data, it can be seen that in the south of Serbia, out of the total number of distributed vaccines, which was 253 vaccines for the Pcinja district, 86 vaccines (33.99%) were administered. Comparing the data with the Pomoravlje district, there is a significant difference in the number of distributed (769) and the number of applied vaccines (408), which indicates that 53.06% of the distributed doses were applied for the period from June 2022 by the end of the same year. Statistical processing of the obtained data showed that the Gardasil 9 vaccination with the first and second doses of the vaccine in persons older than 9 years and persons older than 15 years was best carried out in 2022 in the Pomoravlje District in the cities of Jagodina (59.41%) and Svilajnac (54.02%), and the smallest in the cities of Rekovac (35, 71%) and Cuprija (40.35%). While the least was implemented in the territory of the Pcinja District in 2022 were in the cities: Bosilegrad, Presevo and Trgoviste based on distributed doses and remaining unused vaccines (stock). The highest response for optional free vaccination was in the cities of Surdulica (66.675%), Bujanovac (39.58%) and Vranje (36.36%) in Pcinja District. Conclusion. By comparing the statistical data, it can be concluded that the success rate of vaccination is significantly higher in central Serbia, in the territory of the Pomoravlje District (53.06%), than in the south of Serbia, in the territory of the Pcinja District (33.99%). Through educational lectures on vaccination against HPVirus, children, adults and the entire population acquire positive attitudes about prevention as one of the most effective methods in suppressing and spreading the said disease.
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