A SUSTAINABLE APPROACH FOR RADIATION PROTECTION APPLICATIONS: SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF WASTE BRICKS BOTTOM ASH INVOLVING Bi2O3

Recep Kurtulus, Cansu Kurtulus, Taner Kavas

Pages: 27–30

DOI: 10.37392/RapProc.2022.07

These days, the utilization of industrial solid waste substances for gaining added-value products has become of prime importance for securing a more sustainable future. With this in mind, the present study handles using waste bricks bottom ash (BBA) involving bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) dopant for understanding the potentiality as a radiation protection material. Four different material systems, 1 to 4, were designed using the batches of xBi2O3 - (100-x)BBA where x: 0, 5, 10, and 20 wt%. The intended pellets (D: 28 mm) were made ready after precisely weighing, mixing, and pressing steps. For sintering, the prepared bodies, a heat treatment process was initiated by applying 10 ⁰C/min to reach 1100 ⁰C, which was then dwelled 1h at the peak temperature. Afterward, the successfully produced waste-derived material systems were subjected to some material characterization analysis, as well as theoretical radiation shielding computations via Phy-X/PSD. According to the density measurements, we found out that the increasing doping rate from 0 to 20 wt% in Bi2O3 led to the improvement in bulk density from 1.3857 to 1.6177 g/cm3 in the respective order. Additionally, the compressive strength showed an increasing trend from 7.28 to 8.01 MPa with the increasing Bi2O3 contribution. On the other hand, the essential radiation shielding parameters, linear attenuation coefficient (LAC), half-value layer (HVL), and effective atomic number (Zeff) were figured out, and we found out that all parameters were enhanced owing to the higher Bi2O3 addition. As a result, the sample-4 can be preferred as an alternative material system where radiation protection is significant.
  1. A. H. Almuqrin, M. I. Sayyed, N. S. Prabhu, S. D. Kamath, “Influence of Bi2O3 on Mechanical Properties and Radiation-Shielding Performance of Lithium Zinc Bismuth Silicate Glass System Using Phys-X Software,” Materials, vol. 15, no. 4, 1327, Feb. 2022.
    DOI: 10.3390/MA15041327
    PMid: 35207868
    PMCid: PMC8878981
  2. Z. N. Kuluozturk, R. Kurtulus, N. Demir, T. Kavas, “Barium-lead-borosilicate glass containing lanthanum oxide: fabrication, physical properties, and photon shielding characteristics,” Appl. Phys. A, vol. 128, no. 2, 166, Feb. 2022.
    DOI: 10.1007/s00339-022-05285-7
  3. M. A. Khalaf, C. B. Cheah, M. Ramli, N. M. Ahmed, A. Al-Shwaiter, “Effect of nano zinc oxide and silica on mechanical, fluid transport and radiation attenuation properties of steel furnace slag heavyweight concrete,” Constr. Build. Mater., vol. 274, no. 2, 121785, Mar. 2021.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121785
  4. I. Akkurt, H. Akyýldýrým, B. Mavi, S. Kilincarslan, C. Basyigit, “Photon attenuation coefficients of concrete includes barite in different rate,” Ann. Nucl. Energy, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 910 – 914, Jul. 2010.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2010.04.001
  5. C. C. Ban et al., “Modern heavyweight concrete shielding: Principles, industrial applications and future challenges; review,” J. Build. Eng., vol. 39, no. 3, 102290, Jul. 2021.
    DOI: 10.1016/J.JOBE.2021.102290
  6. M. Erdem, O. Baykara, M. Doĝru, F. Kuluöztürk, “A novel shielding material prepared from solid waste containing lead for gamma ray,” Radiat. Phys. Chem., vol. 79, no. 9, pp. 917 – 922, Sep. 2010.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2010.04.009
  7. K. A. Naseer, K. Marimuthu, M. S. Al-Buriahi, A. Alalawi, H. O. Tekin, “Influence of Bi2O3 concentration on barium-telluro-borate glasses: Physical, structural and radiation-shielding properties,” Ceram. Int., vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 329 – 340, Jan. 2021.
    DOI: 10.1016/J.CERAMINT.2020.08.138
  8. M. Kurudirek, N. Chutithanapanon, R. Laopaiboon, C. Yenchai, C. Bootjomchai, “Effect of Bi2O3 on gamma ray shielding and structural properties of borosilicate glasses recycled from high pressure sodium lamp glass,” J. Alloys Compd., vol. 745, pp. 355 – 364, May 2018.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.02.158
  9. M. S. Al-Buriahi, M. Rashad, A. Alalawi, M. I. Sayyed, “Effect of Bi2O3 on mechanical features and radiation shielding properties of boro-tellurite glass system,” Ceram. Int., vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 16452 – 16458, Jul. 2020.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.03.208
  10. K. Boonin et al., “Effect of BaO on lead free zinc barium tellurite glass for radiation shielding materials in nuclear application,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids, vol. 550, 120386, Dec. 2020.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2020.120386
  11. A. F. A. El-Rehim, K. S. Shaaban, “Influence of La2O3 content on the structural, mechanical, and radiation-shielding properties of sodium fluoro lead barium borate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron., vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 4651 – 4671, Feb. 2021.
    DOI: 10.1007/s10854-020-05204-7
  12. E. Şakar, Ö. F. Özpolat, B. Alım, M. I. Sayyed, M. Kurudirek, “Phy-X / PSD: Development of a user friendly online software for calculation of parameters relevant to radiation shielding and dosimetry,” Radiat. Phys. Chem., vol. 166, 108496, Jan. 2020.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2019.108496
  13. E. Ilik et al., “Cerium (IV) oxide reinforced Lithium-Borotellurite glasses: A characterization study through physical, optical, structural and radiation shielding properties,” Ceram. Int., vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 1152 – 1165, Jan. 2022.
    DOI: 10.1016/J.CERAMINT.2021.09.200
  14. A. S. Ouda, “Development of high-performance heavy density concrete using different aggregates for gamma-ray shielding,” Prog. Nucl. Energy, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 48 – 55, Mar. 2015.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.pnucene.2014.11.009
  15. W. Elshami et al., “Developed selenium dioxide-based ceramics for advanced shielding applications: Au2O3 impact on nuclear radiation attenuation,” Results Phys., vol. 24, no. 5, 104099, May 2021.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rinp.2021.104099
  16. Y. Al-Hadeethi, M. I. Sayyed, “A comprehensive study on the effect of TeO2 on the radiation shielding properties of TeO2–B2O3–Bi2O3–LiF–SrCl2 glass system using Phy-X / PSD software,” Ceram. Int., vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 6136 – 6140, Apr. 2020.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.11.078